“He aupuni palapala koʻu; o ke kanaka pono oʻia koʻu kanaka.”
(Mine is the kingdom of education; the righteous man is my man)
Hoʻīlina – Honoring Our Indigenous Legacies Inspiring Native Abilities will address the need to increase access to high-quality experiences that support literacy, and illuminate the minds of our keiki with culture, history, and legacies of the Hawaiian people through: books, reenacted moʻolelo (stories), virtual or in person “talk story” sessions and presentations. These enrichments will strengthen foundations already steeped in culture and build upon them by way of perceptivity, realization, and curiosity. Keiki will be immersed in the indigenous culture of Hawai‘i through various learning opportunities that combine authentic Hawaiian culture-based instruction and activities with innovative concepts rooted in the history and moʻolelo of this ‘āina. We will explore the lives of our aliʻi (chiefs, monarchs) and heed their words of instruction and inspiration.
David Laʻamea Lumialani Mahinulani Naloiaehuokalani Kamanakaupuʻu Kalākaua
Born: November 16, 1836
Father: Ceasar Kahanu Kapaʻakea
Mother: Analea Keohokalole
Siblings: Lydia Liliʻuokalani, Miriam Likelike, William Pitt Leleiohōkū, James Kaliokalani, Ana Kaʻiulani
Spouse: Julia Kapiʻolani Napelakapuokakaʻe
Reign: February 12, 1874
Death: January 20, 1891
Julia Kapiʻolani Napelakapuokakaʻe
Wife of Kalākaua
Grand daughter of Kaumualiʻi of Kauaʻi
Held a great interest in the health and welfare of Native Hawaiian people
established the Kapiʻolani Home for Girls, for the education of the daughters of residents of the Kalaupapa Leprosy Settlement.
Established the Kapiʻolani Maternity Home, where Hawaiian mothers and newborns could receive care.
“The significance of the land around Iolani Palace stretches back to antiquity. It is thought to have been the site of an ancient heiau (place of worship).
In 1845, King Kamehameha III established his official residence in a large commodious home on this site. The structure served five Hawaiian kings until its demolition in 1874.
The cornerstone for Iolani Palace was laid on December 31, 1879 with full Masonic rites and construction was completed in 1882. The Palace was the official residence of the Hawaiian monarchs, where they held official functions, received dignitaries and luminaries from around the world, and entertained often and lavishly.
Iolani Palace was ahead of its time as it was outfitted with the most up-to-date amenities, including electric lights, indoor plumbing and a modern communications system – the telephone.”
Designed by the king and purchased in London in 1882 for £1,000 from Hoffnung and Co.,
the solid-gold crowns of Kalakaua and his queen, Kapiolani, contained when they were new:
“521 diamonds, 54 pearls, 20 opals, 20 rubies, eight emeralds, one carbuncle, and six kukui nut jewels.”
After the death of Kalākaua, his crown was locked away. In 1893 after the overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy, someone broke into the locked box, crushed the crowns, and stole the jewels. The crowns have since been restored and are on display in ʻIolani Palace.
Hula was banned in the 1820ʻs at the arrival of the missionaries King Kalākaua reintroduced the art of hula in public in 1883 at his coronation.
He proclaimed that “Hula is the Language of the Heart. Therefore the Heartbeat of the Hawaiian People.”
In 1888, King Kalākaua granted a charter to Benjamin Dillingham’s Oahu Railway and Land Co. to build 15 miles of track between Honolulu and the Pearl River Lagoon. With time, the railway covered 73 miles of land and became the main transporter of the sugar cane crop.
King David Kalakaua, the last king of Hawaii, made a new law to promote the construction and operation of railroads in the Kingdom of Hawaii. This act resulted in the kingdom’s first operating railroad, the Kahului Railroad, which was inaugurated on July 29, 1879, in Maui.
Lydia Loloku Kaolamaliʻi Walania Wewehi Kamakaeha Liliʻuokalani
Born: September 2, 1838
Father: Ceasar Kapaʻakea
Mother: Analeʻa Keohokalole
Hānai: Paki and Konia
Kalākaua, Likelike, Leleiohōkū, James Kaliokalani, Ana Kaʻiulani, Kaʻiminaʻauao
(Hānai) Bernice Pauahi
Spouse: John Owen Dominis
Reign: January 1891 ascended to the throne after the death of Kalākaua
1893 overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy
Death: November 11,1917
Princess Berniece Pauahi Bishop
Daughter of Abner Pākī and Laura Kōnia
Hānai sister of Liliʻuokalani
Liliʻuokalani was hānai at birth by Pākī and Kōnia
Spouse of Queen Liliʻuokalani
Governor of Oʻahu during the time of the Kamehamehaʻs and Kalākaua. Met Liliʻuokalani when they were younger, went to a school next to the Cheif’s Children’s School and would talk to her over the fence.
Song sheet of Aloha ʻOe
Liliʻuokalani and her siblings were known as Nā Lani ʻEha (the 4 royal ones)
Each of them composed music and wrote their own songs. This song of farewell between two people. It is the most famous of the Queen’s compositions written in 1878.
Quilt made by Queen Liliʻuokalani while she was imprisoned in her room in ʻIolani Palace. The patchwork crazy quilt known as the Queen’s Quilt Created in the fashion of its era — is a 97-by-95-inch, nine-panel cover that documents Liliʻuokalani’s 10 months as a prisoner at ʻIolani Palace in 1895.
Lowering of the Hawaiian flag after the overthrow of the Hawaiian Monarchy.
On this day, August 12, 1898, the flag of Hawaiʻi over ʻIolani Palace was lowered and the United States flag was raised to signify annexation. This event marked the end of a lengthy internal struggle between native Hawaiians and white American businessmen for control of the Hawaiian government.
Victoria Kawēkiu Lunalilo Kalaninuiahilapalapa Kaʻiulani Cleghorn
Born: October 16, 1875
Mother: Miriam Likelike
Father: Archibald Scott Cleghorn
Siblings: 1⁄2 sisters: Annie Cleghorn, Rose, Helen
Māmā Nui, Princess Ruth Keʻelikolani was, godmother to Princess Kaʻiulani
Died: March 6, 1899
Peacocks at ʻĀinahau
Nā Manu Pikake were given to Princess Kaʻiulani by her Godmother, “Māmā Nui” Princess Ruth Keʻelikolani.
It was said that when Kaʻiulani passed away, the cries of the peacocks could be heard.
The birds, native to India, were highly prized in Victorian England.
They soon became favored pets of Ka’iulani and her fondness of them was so great, she was sometimes referred to as The Peacock Princess. She had as many as 50 peacocks roaming freely at her home ʻĀinahau.
She also adored the white blooms and fragrance of Arabian jasmine, also native to India, and the flowers also became known as pikake.
Today, a small park that was once part of her family’s estate is graced with a statue of Kaʻiulani feeding her beloved peacocks.
Princess Kaʻiulani’s Surfboard
It is said that when Princess Kaʻiulani, a cousin of Koa and Kūhiō, also surfed in England (in 1892.)
“She may have been the first female surfer in Britain, … a letter in which she wrote that she enjoyed ‘being on the water again’ at Brighton.”
“Kaʻiulani liked swimming and surfing. She was a high-spirited girl, who when she returned to Hawaii, liked to sneak out past midnight to go swimming in the moonlight with girlfriends.” (Hall)
Reportedly, “The tall foreign dignitary stood erect on a thin board with her hair blowing in the wind and rode the chilly waters.” (British Surfing Museum; Boal)
Great Harrowden Hall
In 1889 at the age of 13 after the passing of her mother, Princess Miriam Likelike, Princess Kaʻiulani was sent away to England to attend boarding school
Princess Kaʻiulani and her sister half sister Annie were sent to Northamptonshire and enrolled at Great Harrowden Hall It was a boarding school for young girls, under the elderly schoolmistress Caroline Sharp
Princess Kaʻiulani’s ten-acre Waikīkī estate was given to her by her godmother, Princess Ruth Keʻelikolani, at the baby princess’s baptismal ceremony. It has been said that 500 coconut palms were planted in honor of Princess Kaʻiulani’s birth. Princess Kaiʻulani’s father, Archibald Scott Cleghorn, built a two-story home on the Waikīkī land. At first, the home was used only as a country estate, but Princess Kaʻiulani’s family loved it so much, it soon became their full-time residence. Princess Miriam Likelike named the estate “Ainahau” which some sources say means “Land of the Hau Tree” and other sources say means “cool land” because of the constant breezes that flowed across the estate.
Hawaiʻiʻs first banyan tree was imported by Princess Kaʻiulani’s father, Archibald Cleghorn, and planted on the Ainahau Estate. Cuttings from that banyan were planted in another part of Honolulu when the Ainahau estate was demolished. Archibald Cleghorn planted the first Banyan tree in Hawaiʻi on the grounds of Ainahau. His daughter, Princess Kaʻiulani, who loved the banyan tree, is standing on the branches of the tree. Ainahau was torn down in 1955 to make room for the Princess Kaʻiulani Hotel and other real estate properties. At that time, cuttings from the Ainahau Banyan Tree were planted at the corner of King Street and Keʻeaumoku Street and the tree that grew from the cuttings stood at that location until 1967 when it was chopped down after court battles and much controversy. Before the Banyan Tree at King and Keʻeaumoku Street were chopped down, cuttings were taken and they were planted at Magic Island in Ala Moana Park. That tree is still standing today.
Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Piʻikoi
Born: March 26, 1871
Father: David Kahalepouli Piʻikoi
Mother: Victoria Kinoiki Kekaulike
Hānai: At the age of 7 he and his brothers were hānai by Kalākaua and Kapiʻolani
David Laʻamea Kawānanakoa
Edward Abnel Keliʻiahonui
Spouse: Elizabeth Kahanu
Delegate of his people in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1902 – 1922
Died: January 7, 1922
Elizabeth Kahanu Kalanianaʻole was the wife of Prince Kūhiō
Prince Kūhiō and Elizabeth Kahanu were married at St. Andrew’s Cathedral
She was born on May 8, 1878, as the daughter of Ulalia Muolo Keaweaheulu Laʻanui and George Kaleiwohi Kaʻauwai. Her father was the high chief of Maui and a cousin of Queen Kapiolani of Hawaii. Her father died when she was just four years old Princess Kahanu was sent to Queen Kapiʻolaniʻs royal court of Oahu. She went to school at the Sacred Hearts Academy in Honolulu because her parents were devout Catholics.
Kūhiō, Kawānanakoa and Keliʻiahonui
In 1885 the 3 brothers who were the nephews and hānai sons of Queen Kapiʻolani, David Kawānanakoa, Edward Keliʻiahonui, and Jonah Kuhio Kalaniana’ole stayed with Antoinette Swan, a native of Oʻahu and an adopted member of the royal family in Santa Cruz, California while attending St. Matthews Hall in San Mateo, a military school for boys they spent time at the beach and brought surfing to the beaches of California.
Prince Kūhiō St. Alban’s College, now ʻIolani School and Oahu College, now Punahou School, in Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu.
In the 1870s, a French school teacher at St. Alban’s, nicknamed him “Prince Cupid” because of how his eyes twinkled and his perpetual smile.
His uncle King Kalākaua championed future Hawaiian leaders attaining a broader education with his 1880 Hawaiian Youths Abroad program when Kūhiō and his attended St. Matthewʻs Hall in California.
Hawaii Republican Party
On July 10, 1902, Prince Kūhiō split from the Home Rule Party, walking out of its convention along with nearly half of the delegates there. He formed the short-lived Hui Kuokoa Party. On September 1, 1902, Kuhio decided to join the Republican Party. He was nominated as their candidate for Congress Kūhiō was elected delegate to the U.S. Congress as a Republican. He served from March 4, 1903, until his death on January 7, 1922, winning a total of ten elections.
Hawaiian Homes Commission Act
On July 9, 1921, President Warren G. Harding signed the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act, 1920 as amended, an effort spearheaded by Prince Kūhiō and a group of advocates. Through its passage, the United States set aside approximately 200,000 acres of land to establish a permanent homeland for native Hawaiians, who were identified as a “landless and dying” people as the result of disease, intermarriage, and loss of lands.
“After extensive investigation and survey on the part of various organizations organized to rehabilitate the Hawaiian race, it was found that the only method in which to rehabilitate the race was to place them back upon the soil,” Kūhiō wrote to U.S. Senators before the passage of the Act. The Hawaiian Homes Commission Act intended to return native Hawaiians to the land while encouraging them to become self-sufficient homesteaders on the leased parcels of trust land.
His Majesty’s Goldfish
Kili and the Tree Snail
Kōlea and the King’s Crown
Last Princess: The Story of Kaʻiulani
Leilani Blessed and Grateful
Little Princess Kaʻiulani in Her Garden by the Sea